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This Is How Your DNA Made You

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DNA is the genetic instructions that tell your body where to put each finger and how to orient the heart, but how does this process work on a cellular level? In this episode, Patrick breaks down each step of the process and explains how you end up as you are.
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Our bodies are made up of organ systems, which are collections of organs. Our organs are made of tissues, and our tissues are made of cells, and those cells are made up of nonliving things like water, lipids, and proteins. And each of our cells make proteins that do different jobs in our body.

The pigment that makes your eye color is a protein. The keratin that builds your hair is a protein. But you also need to build proteins for a normal physiology, so you have instructions for proteins like antibodies and enzymes in your genes as well.

And we have approximately 25,000 genes in our bodies. Each of your genes holds the genetic instructions that tell a cell how to make a specific protein for a specific purpose, and in this episode of Human we find out exactly how that process works.

#genetics #DNA #genes #humanbody #physiology #humanseries #seeker

Read More:

Is eye color determined by genetics?
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/traits/eyecolor
“Eye color is determined by variations in a person’s genes. Most of the genes associated with eye color are involved in the production, transport, or storage of a pigment called melanin. Eye color is directly related to the amount and quality of melanin in the front layers of the iris.”

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Fact Sheet
https://www.genome.gov/about-genomics/fact-sheets/Deoxyribonucleic-Acid-Fact-Sheet
“Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that contains the biological instructions that make each species unique. DNA, along with the instructions it contains, is passed from adult organisms to their offspring during reproduction.”

Ribosomes, Transcription, and Translation
https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/ribosomes-transcription-and-translation-14120660/
“The genetic information stored in DNA is a living archive of instructions that cells use to accomplish the functions of life. Inside each cell, catalysts seek out the appropriate information from this archive and use it to build new proteins — proteins that make up the structures of the cell, run the biochemical reactions in the cell, and are sometimes manufactured for export.”

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This Seeker health miniseries will dive deep into the cellular structures, human systems, and overall anatomy that work together to keep our bodies going. Using the visual structure and quick pacing of Seeker’s Sick series, these human bio-focused episodes will give a new audience an inside look on what’s happening inside all of us.

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Category
Lifestyle & Health
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